In the Rogue Valley, fall is a good time to plant perennials, shrubs, trees and bulbs. Just remember to keep new plants well watered until winter rains begin.
Plant Spring Bulbs: Plant daffodils, tulips, crocuses in October and into November until the ground freezes.
Watering: Cut back watering established perennials, shrubs and trees to prepare them for winter. (Remember to continue watering new plants until rains begin.)
Deadheading & Clean up: To provide food and habitat for pollinators & birds throughout the winter, Do Not cut or remove perennial stems and flower heads until the spring. NOTE: If you must have a prim garden, then cut back perennials stems to 6-8 inches on plants that have finished blooming for the season.
Leaves: Rake and remove leaves from the lawn, use leaves as mulch in your flowerbeds, or compost them to make leaf mold. Shredded leaves break down faster and are easier for worms to turn into compost. Placing shredded leaves in flowerbeds over the winter helps protect plants, suppresses weeds, and will provide nutrients by late spring.
Dig Bulbs. Tender bulbs such as dahlias and gladiolus should be dug up in cold winter areas. When foliage begins to yellow and die, cut back foliage, dig up bulbs, and store them in a cool, but freeze-free, area like in an insulated garage, under your house or in an spare refrigerator. When digging be careful not to damage the bulb. In lower elevation areas of the Rogue Valley you can cover tender bulbs with 6-8 inches of mulch for winter protection.
Mulching with leaves, hay, or even evergreen boughs can provide an extra layer of protection for tender perennials. These mulches will catch and hold snow which helps insulate them.
Feed Plants. Fall is a good time to feed perennials by working in a 4 to 6 inch thick layer of compost in your beds. This compost slowly breaks down over winter providing nutrients to the plants and improves soil structure.
Article by: Carlotta Lucas